Evaluation of resting heart rate in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A cross sectional study
Zeel Gandhi, Aarti Boricha, Vaishali Gabani
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent endocrine disorder in the female population during the reproductive years. PCOS symptoms include irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, hirsutism, acne and obesity. In addition, this syndrome is frequently associated with classic cardiovascular risk factors such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, central obesity, metabolic syndrome and elevated serum levels of C-reactive protein. By studying HR at rest, indirect information on the integrity of cardiac autonomic modulation can be obtained at lower cost. Method: Total 70 subjects were approached among them 10 were excluded according to exclusion criteria. The study included total 60 women in which they were divided into 2 groups; Group A and Group B; according the Rotterdam’s criteria for inclusion of PCOS. 30 women with PCOS were in Group A and another 30 regular menstruating women were in Group B. RHR was measured in both the groups. Results: The results showed that there was a statistical significant difference of RHR between two groups. Women with PCOS tends to have higher heart rate than controls, this finding supports the presence of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in PCOS. Conclusion: PCOS might have cardiovascular dysfunction and associated with adverse cardiac events in later stage of life. Higher resting heart rate can be counted as cardiovascular disease risk factors for PCOS.
Zeel Gandhi, Aarti Boricha, Vaishali Gabani. Evaluation of resting heart rate in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A cross sectional study. National Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 17-21