India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. But there is an inverse relationship between economic developments and the environment. There have been improvements in economic growth, foreign exchange,IT revolution, export growth, and so on, inequality in income distribution has been growing simultaneously, with no decrease in dependent population in the agricultural sector, low quality employment growth, concentration of poverty in certain groups and region; and inadequate development of women and children. The modern concept of sustainable development is derived from “Brundtland Report” in 1987. As the concept sustainable development developed, it has shifted to focus more on economic development, social development and environmental protection for future generation. It is a process that envisions a desirable future state for human societies in which living conditions and resource use continue to meet human needs without undermining the “Integrity, stability and beauty of natural biotic system.” The present paper is an attempt to analyze sustainable development, growing threats to sustainable development and possible measures to maintain sustainability.