Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2018)
Health status of women: A study of Punjab
Author(s): Rupinder Kaur
Abstract: Women health can be defined as the field of practice, education and research that focuses on the physical, social, emotional, political and economic well-being of women, and encompasses the women to internal and external world of reality. Women health is the least priority and neglected areas of research in India. Available empirical evidences in India pointed out that the Indian women do not enjoy good health status. Their health problems are not only many but gigantic also, although the cost-effective technologies/treatment processes are available. The paper attempts to examine the health status of women in Punjab. The analysis reveals that, on the economic front, Punjab state is one of the most prosperous states of India in terms of per capita income and having the lowest poverty rate. It enjoyed the first rank in terms of per capita income for more than two decades across all major states of India. Despite this, health status of women is not so good. The sex ratio is 895 females per 1000 males. The IMR in Punjab was 23 per 1000 live births which are much lower than the rate of 37 for all India in 2015.Further, the paper attempts to examine the various factors affecting health status of women. The paper aims to suggest relevant measures to improve the health status of women.