Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2018)
Inclusive education and the challenges
Author(s): Amina Parveen, Tamheeda Qounsar
Abstract: Inclusive education is an approach to make education universalized irrespective of any disability within the learner and to maintain equity in the society. It stresses that children with special need can be included in general school system without any distinction and differentiation. Without quarantine them into the boundaries of special school, provisions can be made for a child with special need who can also get opportunity to learn with other students having equal quality and facilities. However, for achieving success in inclusive education in India there lie several obstacles and challenges. Many problems such as, lack of well-educated teachers, curriculum, resources, good infrastructural facilities, awareness, positive attitude, plans, policies are creating hurdles for extending the concept of inclusive education in India. Inclusive education still remains in the realm of theory and far from practice especially in Kashmir, which was the focus area of the study. The objective of the study was to explore several problems creating hurdles in the way of inclusive education. It was found that the concept of Inclusive Education is still fumbling with problems of policy implementation, an environment that is not conducive for practice. The success of inclusive education is hindered by other factors like community’s attitude towards disability, lack of adequate involvement of all stakeholders among others. Among the mentioned hurdles one of the serious problems is to prepare a good, effective and competent teacher who can lead and practice the concept of inclusive Education adequately. In addition, more still needs to be done in order to ensure that the best is achieved from the objectives of inclusive education.