Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)
Nano catalysis: Synthesis and properties
Abstract: The effect of catalyst on rate of chemical reaction is well known. Mainly two types of catalysis process are found; homogenous and heterogeneous catalysis. Catalysts are usually used so that chemical reactions can occur at temperatures and pressures low enough for producers to use economically priced equipment or to ensure that the rate of production of a desired product is greater than the rates of production of undesirable byproduct Now-a-days the nano-catalysis has attracted the attention of scientists. Nano-particles are formed mainly by two methods; bottom up and top down technology. These nano-particles used as nano-catalyst in nano-catalysis process. The properties of nano-catalyst depends on the size of nano-particle and shape of particle. A variety of products like medicines, fine chemicals, polymers, fibres, fuels, lubricants, and a myriad of other value added products essential to humans, is feasible only due to presence of catalyst.