Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)
Developments of Mahayana Buddhism through ‘great translators’ in Ladakh and Baltistan
Author(s): Rigzin Tamchos Pandito
Abstract: Ladakh is known for aged old Buddhist monasteries and meditative landscapes. Even today here Buddhist monastic institutions are maintaining the legacy that had been shaped by the literary works of many translators and Tantric masters. Each monastic institution holds a legacy of their founder and great disciples. Their works have been orally transmitted and preserved in [such] suited high mountain cold-desert arid geographic environment since 2000 years. The path and practices of these monastic institutions that had travelled this far were guided and assimilated under the events in the history of spread of Buddhism in Central Asia, Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan. Here, the article represents how Tibet, Ladakh, Baltistan, Buddhism and pre-Buddhist Tantric belief system were systematised through the ointment of Buddhist Mahayana schools of Philosophy that had been transmitted and translated in these lands. The main focus of the article is how Tibet had been great center of Buddhist learning for Ladakh and Baltistan students and how Tibet at times when Buddhism collapsed had to invite Vice Chancellor of Vikramashila University in [of] Bihar to revive it. It simply conveys how sects under the banner of Mahayana Buddhism had been constructed by the great teachers who had borne in Ladakh and Baltistan.