Vol. 2, Issue 3 (2017)
A descriptive study to assess the knowledge and practice of intensive care nurses on prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among patients admitted in critical care units of Government Medical College Hospitals, Jammu (J&K)
Author(s): Jyoti Kapoor
Abstract: Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is defined as a type of pneumonia in a patient receiving mechanical ventilation that was not present at the time of admission to hospital or that occurs 48 hours after intubation and mechanical ventilation. Host factors includes patient’s age of more than 65 years and co-mortalities. It carries a high mortality rate ranging 6-68% and may be as high as 74% in high risk population indicating a serious health hazard among ventilated patients. This study was under taken to assess the knowledge and practice of intensive care nurses on prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among patients admitted in critical care units of Government Medical College Hospitals, Jammu (J&K). The sample consisted of 50 intensive care nurses. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. Socio-demographic profile, a self structured questionnaire and a checklist was used to collect the data from subjects. The results revealed that maximum subjects 22(44%) were having average knowledge followed by 16(32%) were having good knowledge, 8(16%) and 4(8%) were having below average and excellent knowledge respectively. It was found that the practice regarding the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia was unsatisfactory among intensive care nurses of hospitals. Thus, it is concluded that in service education and training programmes should be conducted for the nurses so as to improve their knowledge and practice and to decrease in infections among patients.