Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2017)
The human resource challenges in catholic hospitals
Author(s): N Poulinamma, Dr. Y Krishna Mohan Naidu, Dr. V Madhusudhan Prasad
Abstract: When examining health care systems in a global context, many general human resources issues and questions arise. Some of the issues of greatest relevance that will be discussed in further detail include the size, composition and distribution of the health care workforce, workforce training issues, the migration of health workers, and the level of economic development in a particular country and sociodemographic, geographical and cultural factors. The variation of size, distribution and composition within a county's health care workforce is of great concern. For example, the number of health workers available in a country is a key indicator of that country's capacity to provide delivery and interventions. Factors to consider when determining the demand for health services in a particular country include cultural characteristics, sociodemographic characteristics and economic factors. Workforce training is another important issue. It is essential that human resources personnel consider the composition of the health workforce in terms of both skill categories and training levels. New options for the education and in-service training of health care workers are required to ensure that the workforce is aware of and prepared to meet a particular country's present and future needs. A properly trained and competent workforce is essential to any successful health care system. The migration of health care workers is an issue that arises when examining global health care systems. Research suggests that the movement of health care professionals closely follows the migration pattern of all professionals in that the internal movement of the workforce to urban areas is common to all countries. Workforce mobility can create additional imbalances that require better workforce planning, attention to issues of pay and other rewards and improved overall management of the workforce. In addition to salary incentives, developing countries use other strategies such as housing, infrastructure and opportunities for job rotation to recruit and retain health professionals, since many health workers in developing countries are underpaid, poorly motivated and very dissatisfied. The migration of health workers is an important human resources issue that must be carefully measured and monitored.