Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2017)
A study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding blood donation among the students of selected colleges of Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune
Author(s): Ms. Jisha Jose, Mr. Jatin Panchal, Mr. Jaydeep Patidar, Dr. Anita Nawale
Abstract: Blood is the vital and life saving fluid which can neither be manufactured in factories, nor substituted with blood of any other creature. For those who require for saving their lives, blood donation is only means. Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the knowledge of students regarding blood donation before and after giving planned teaching programme and also to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme by comparing pre and post-test scores on knowledge regarding blood donation. Materials and Methods: In order to achieve the desired objectives of the present study Quantitative research approach with Quasi-experimental one group pre-test post-test design was adopted. The study consists of 100 samples which were selected by non probability convenient sampling method. Data collection was accomplished by using structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The demographic result shows that all participants were in the age group of 16-18 years. All samples were from 11th standard. Majority (56%) of participants were male. 67% of participants had previous knowledge regarding blood donation and major source of information was from newspaper and books. None of them had donated blood. The pre-test analysis result shows that majority of the participants (58%) had very poor knowledge regarding blood donation, 36% of them had average knowledge and very few students (6%) had good knowledge regarding blood donation. The post-test analysis result shows that majority of the students (63%) had average knowledge regarding blood donation and 37% of them had good knowledge regarding blood donation. None of them had poor knowledge regarding blood donation. It shows improvement in knowledge score. The mean of pre-test score was 7.08 with standard deviation 3.58 and post-test score was 12.51 with standard deviation 2.89.The post-test score was higher than the pre-test score. Z-Test was calculated. Z-value was found 11.83 and Z-table value was 1.96, since calculated Z-value was greater than tabulated Z-value, null hypothesis was rejected. It shows that there was a significant difference in level of knowledge regarding blood donation before and after planned teaching programmer. This reveals that planned teaching programme was effective. Conclusion: The study shows that college students had inadequate knowledge regarding blood donation and they did not donate the blood. After planned teaching programme there was an improvement in knowledge level regarding blood donation. It shows that there is a need to provide information regarding blood donation to college students. So that they will donate the blood voluntarily and save the life.