Vol. 1, Issue 4 (2016)
To prepare and test effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on practice regarding postnatal care
Author(s): Ningthoujam Sujita Devi, Dr. Nilima Bhore
Abstract: Childbirth and assuming the role of mother are usually thought of as characterizing a time of excitement and joy, there is significant stress experienced by many postpartum women. The postnatal period or puerperium is an adjustment after pregnancy. Mothers and their newborns are vulnerable during the postnatal period, especially during the first 24hours following the birth. To reduce newborn & maternal mortality, essential postnatal care should be promoted & supported into existing health programs. Purpose: To prepare and test effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on practices regarding postnatal care. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on practices regarding postnatal care. Material and methods: This was a quantitative quasi experimental pilot study with non-equivalence control group design. Non probability convenience sampling technique was used for the selection of sample. 20 samples for experimental group and 20 samples for control group from two different settings. During15th December 2015 to 29th February 2016 collected data. Tool was developed in two parts, first was demographic data of the mothers and second part on self- reported questionnaire. Result In experimental group, majority of mother 50% of them had 23-27 years of age, 65% of them were Hindu, 50% of them had secondary education, 90% of them were homemakers, 45% of them had monthly family income less than Rs. 10000, 85% of them had mother as a support person, 50% of them had nuclear family, 80% of them had full term normal delivery with episiotomy. In control group, majority of mother 45% of them had 23-27 years of age, 90% of them were Hindu, 45% of them had secondary education, 80% of them were homemakers, 80% of them had monthly family income Rs. 10001-20000, 75% of them had mother as a support system, 55% of them had nuclear family, 65% of them had full term normal delivery with episiotomy. In pretest, 70% primipara mothers in experimental group and 65% of primipara mother in control group had average practices regarding postnatal care. Average practice score in pretest was 20.8 which increased to 44.8 on 15th day and which is further increased to 50.3 on 45th day. This shows that there is improvement in the practices of mothers in experimental group than control group. Conclusion The study concluded that Video assisted teaching program is proved to be significantly effective in improving practices of postnatal mothers regarding postnatal care.