Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2016)
Dalit reservation problems in Tamil Nadu - A Study
Author(s): Dr. Thangamuthu P
Abstract: The present study is Dalit Reservation Problems in Tamil Nadu aims at analyzing the Social Equality, Equal Citizenship, Indian Constitutional Provisions, and Political Safeguard for Dalits, Dalit Issues, Dalits rights are Human rights, Dalit reservations, and criticize how the upper caste Hindu responded to the other caste people, who were obstinate in following Casteism, Untouchability, and Superstitious beliefs. And to analyze and evaluate how the Indian Constitution Provisions awakening among the Dalit and other suppressed communities who were empowered and changes in the social structure. There were so many causes responsible for the introduction of the communal reservation system in Educational, Employment and Legislative opportunities. The data related to the Dalit issues and Reservations in Tamilnadu have been interpreted in relation to chronological and topographical order. The Dalit Leaders efforts to remove caste evils, the adoption of local customs, and their day to day activities are discussed analytical way. “Swaraj is my birthright” said by the great leader Balagangathara Tilak. Equality is a Human right, says the Universal Declaration. All are Equal before in Law by Indian Constitution. But untouchability is practiced in many forms in India as well as Tamilnadu. There are serious inhuman atrocities on Dalits, whenever they cross the line of oppression and demand minimum self respect in Tamilnadu. The emergence of Baba Sahib Ambedkar, coupled with the passage of Government of India Act of 1935, gave a new impetus to Dalits assertion, and they started waging battle, from a more secular quarter, for their liberation in a number of institutions. However, the two streams of Dalits assertions, i.e, social reform and political assertion have remained complementary and supplementary, and these exist simultaneously, through the Dalit assertion has taken lead more in the political realm in the contemporary Indian society. There were some Dalit Leaders in History of India who rose against atrocities on Dalits in India. They were struggled for dalits rights and Social equality among the society such as Jothiba Poole, V.D.Savarkar, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar, Periyar E.V.Ramasamy and Narayana Guru. The State Government must keen interested to try to solve the problem on Dalits in Tamil Nadu. The two major Dravidian parties, the DMK and the AIADMK have always shied away from condemning and containing the caste – Hindu violence on Dalits in Tamil Nadu because they are scared of electoral setbacks. The State Government must charge those responsible for violence against Dalits in Tamil Nadu under Prevention of Atrocities Act.